Environment protection and biodiversity conservation act 1999 pdf
At least 40 per cent of the world’s economy and 80 per cent of the needs of the poor are derived from biological resources. In addition, the environment protection and biodiversity conservation act 1999 pdf the diversity of life, the greater the opportunity for medical discoveries, economic development, and adaptive responses to such new challenges as climate change. The Convention about Life on Earth, Convention on Biodiversity web site.
The variety of life on Earth, its biological diversity is commonly referred to as biodiversity. The number of species of plants, animals, and microorganisms, the enormous diversity of genes in these species, the different ecosystems on the planet, such as deserts, rainforests and coral reefs are all part of a biologically diverse Earth. Appropriate conservation and sustainable development strategies attempt to recognize this as being integral to any approach to preserving biodiversity. Almost all cultures have their roots in our biological diversity in some way or form. Declining biodiversity is therefore a concern for many reasons. Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters.
And so, while we dominate this planet, we still need to preserve the diversity in wildlife. Deforestation threatens many species such as the giant leaf frog, shown here. That is quite a lot of services we get for free! It therefore makes economic and development sense to move towards sustainability.
To prevent the well known and well documented problems of genetic defects caused by in-breeding, species need a variety of genes to ensure successful survival. Without this, the chances of extinction increases. And as we start destroying, reducing and isolating habitats, the chances for interaction from species with a large gene pool decreases. I had not noted the publication details. It is a type of cooperation based on mutual survival and is often what a balanced ecosystem refers to. As an example, consider all the species of animals and organisms involved in a simple field used in agriculture.